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Stainless steel strip production technology


Stainless steel bands are produced by the method of deformation under pressure, without violating the integrity of the metal. Under the influence of external forces redistribution of volumes occurs. For the production is usually used chrome-nickel or chromium steel, alloyed with manganese, titanium, molybdenum. Alloys of this type are resistant to soil and atmospheric moisture, as well as aggressive environment. Production is made in accordance with GOST 4986-79. If tape width is 20-410 mm, its thickness should be 0,15-2 mm. It is supplied in coils without any welds. The length is usually not less than 10 meters. On a two-millimeter thin tape, the indentation between the welds is 4 meters, and with a thickness of up to 2 mm, the distance between the welds is 3 meters.

Features of the technology

The entire technological process is a set of sequential activities on special equipment. The finished tape must fully comply with quality standards: shape accuracy, geometric size, surface condition. The general flowchart of the technological process includes preparation of the initial semi-finished product for rolling, pre-heating before pressure treatment, finishing of the rolled strip, rolling to produce the desired profile and quality control. The number of production steps depends on the type of rolled product.

Billet rolling

Billets are rolled between the rolls. During the crimping process, the thickness of the strip is reduced and its length and width are increased. The difference between the initial and final thickness is called absolute crimping. To carry out rolling, strip mills are used, called continuous mills, whose average roll diameter is 300 mm. Cold-rolling mills for stainless sheets with a thickness of 0.05 to 4 mm can also be used. For cold-rolling the thinnest strips, 4-roll, 12-roll, and 20-roll mills are used. There are also continuous 4- and 5-stand mills.

Use of

Especially popular are 12X18H10, 08X18H10 grades of chrome-nickel construction steel alloyed with titanium. Such alloys are heat-resistant, workable at temperatures up to 600 °C, characterized by high corrosion resistance. They are used for making welded containers operating under high pressure in the food industry. Tape 12X18N10T is usually produced soft, but after special treatment according to the technical specifications can be hardened. Due to plasticity, such tapes are indispensable in the automotive industry, mechanical engineering, the manufacture of electrical devices.

Chemical composition of GOST 5632-72
Mark C Si Cr Cu Mn Ni Ti S P Fe
08CR18NI10T ≤0,08 ≤0,8 17-19 ≤0,3 ≤2 9-11 ≤0,5 0,02 0,035 residue
Chemical composition GOST 5632-72
Grade C Si Cr Cu Mn Ni Ti S P Fe
12CR18NI10T ≤0,12 ≤0,8 17-19 ≤0,3 ≤2 9-11 ≤0,8 0,02 0,035 residue

Stainless steel grade 10X17H13M2T is resistant to high temperatures, environments saturated with chlorine. Steel resistance is given by titanium, which is alloyed with its composition. Such steel is five times stronger than carbon steel. Stainless steel band 20X23H18 is indispensable in chemical, metallurgical, electromechanical and other industries. This is due to its resistance to corrosion in the atmosphere of industrial condensates and gases at high temperatures.

Chemical composition of GOST 5632-72
Mark C Si Cr Cu Mn Ni Ti S P Fe
20X23H18 ≤0,2 ≤1 22-25 --- ≤2 17-20 --- 0,02 0,035 remainder


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